Alpinia root spice is a great addition to meat and vegetable dishes, and have a healing properties. Eat and get well!
Botanical features of alpinia medicinal
(alpinia officinarum), family — zingiberaceae
If you hear the names of rashna or siamese ginger, you should know that they are talking about alpinia medicinal. There are other names – galanga or galangal. Alpinia is a grassy perennial that can reach a height of two meters, looks a little like reeds. Leaves are long, moderately wide – 30×2 cm. The flowers are white, and have pink stripes. They are collected in a bunch and hang from the top of the stem, and the fruits look like pale pink or red boxes with small seeds inside. Alpinia begins to bloom in March and to the end of June.
The Chinese island of Hainan is considered the original place of alpinia growth, but it is also cultivated throughout Asia. Then the plant was brought to South America and Africa. In the future, alpinia spread to all continents, and grows everywhere, in addition to Australia.
Health benefits and applying of alpinia medicinal
Alpinia roots extend horizontally and branch out strongly. For therapeutic purposes, the root of an old, 10-year-old plant is suitable. During this time, many useful elements have accumulated in the root.
Ready dried Alpinia root is sold in pharmacies, its name – Rhizoma Galangae (Latin). Or you can do the work yourself: clean the root from the ground and peel, cut into 5-centimeter pieces and dry.
The whole genus Alpinia has a pleasant, delicate aroma. Often the root of galangal is confused with ginger, but still they are not similar. The ginger root tastes like a hot citrus, while in Alpinia it is sweet and spicy, similar to cinnamon. Galangal is considered an excellent seasoning for meat and vegetables. Alpinia spices are also used in the preparation of liqueurs and vinegars. Alpinia aroma can be felt in perfumes and aromatherapy.
The multifaceted use of alpinia is famous in traditional medicine: malaria, cholera, heartburn can be cured with the help of the plant root. And this is not the end of his healing properties. The root soothes the toothache and can alleviate the condition of chronic enteritis. And:
- reduces bloating;
- stimulates gastrointestinal peristalsis;
- helps with physical exhaustion;
- affects the vestibular apparatus, thus inhibiting the symptoms of motion sickness.
- Essential oil – 0.6 – 1%;
- Starch – up to 33%;
- Pitch – about 5%;
- Tannins – about 1%;
- Eugenol, borneol, cineol;
- A-terpineol and B-fellandren;
- Boryl acetate and others;
Indications for use: A strong anti-inflammatory, anesthetic and antioxidant preparation is made from the root of Alpinia.
Bacterial damage of the body: streptococcus, staphylococcus, cholera, malaria.
Digestive system: enteritis, indigestion, lack of appetite, heartburn, colic, flatulence, vomiting, toothache.
Genitourinary system: Erectile dysfunction in men, menstrual cycle in women.
Contraindications: Use caution for people with ulcers.
Overdose: Sharp pain in the stomach, nausea and vomiting. Symptomatic treatment.
Cultivation of alpinia medicinal at home
It is easy to grow an alpinia on your windowsill or in the garden. Usually germinated in two ways – dividing the rhizome or planting seeds. The plant needs sand, humus and turf in the ground. In the first stages, shallow pots will fit, which will provide Alpinia enough light and warmth. It is necessary to contain a plant at a temperature of 71 °F in the summer, and not lower than 57 °F in the winter. When the period of active growth comes, it is desirable to water galanga every day, and add fertilizer every 14-16 days. Withered shoots cut off. In winter, alpinia falls asleep, so watering is less common – leaving the soil slightly moist.
Health recipes with alpinia medicinal
Tea: Loss of appetite.
- 2 tsp. alpinia root / 250 ml boiling water.
Pour the roots with water. Insist fifteen minutes, strain. Drink sugar-free three times a day before meals.
Spice: Seasoning for meat, fish, vegetable dishes.
Fresh root is separated from the roots and the aerial parts of the plant. Peel is cut. Peeled root is cut into very small pieces, and dried for several days. Spice shelf life – 4 years.
Swedish tincture of longevity: Diseases of the immune system and gastrointestinal tract.
- 10 g saffron root / 10 g rhubarb root / 10 g alpinia root / 10 g angelica root / 5 g myrrh / 5 g camphor / 5 g dwarfs / 5 drops of aloe juice.
Mix the ingredients. Pour quality vodka (solvent). Lastly add aloe juice. Tightly close the bottle, put away from direct sunlight for ten days. Store tincture in the refrigerator.
Tea № 2: To strengthen the immune system.
Powder galangal pour ethyl alcohol. Insist ten days. Take 15 ml before a meal, after adding juice or water to the tincture.
Compress: Skin cracks. Hemorrhoids.
- 1 tbsp. alpinia powder / 250 ml of water / a few drops of ethyl alcohol.
Mix the ingredients, make a compress, put on the damaged area of the skin.
ATTENTION! Self-medication can be dangerous to your health. Before use, you should consult with your doctor.
Interesting facts about alpinia medicinal
- Europeans until the 18th century called alpinia – “Russian root”. Slavs added root to gingerbread and kvass to give a pleasant aroma.
- Alpinia is attributed to magical properties: dried flowers carried with themself to protect against disease, and to attract good luck. The root was placed next to the coins to attract money. The powder of the plant was thrown into the fire to cleanse the room of evil energy. If the galanga could not be obtained, it was replaced with ginger, since they belong to the same family, but the effect was considered not so strong.
- Alpinia oil has antiseptic and bactericidal action. It looks like a greenish-yellow liquid with a spicy, fresh scent. It goes well with cinnamon, sage, lavender, rosemary, patchouli, moroccan chamomile oils.