In the article “Barberry: useful properties and recipes” we wrote about the types of decorative shrubs. Which types are edible, and which are used exclusively as a decorative ornament in gardens and parks. What are the benefits of barberry on the human body, and the possible harm – we recommend reading our article for informational purposes.
Planting of barberry
Barberry in most cases, special conditions in the care does not require. With proper care, fragrant shrub calmly tolerate frost and heat. It is preferable to plant young shoots in the spring or in the deep autumn, after a leaf fall, the main thing is to do this before the buds bloom. A suitable location for the barberry – open sunny areas, or partial shade. The barberry is not picky about the soil; it fits with a neutral PH.
What if the soil is too acidic? Start preparing in advance. Add rotten foliage, organic fertilizer, some garden soil, add 100 g. of simple phosphate fertilizer, 400 g. of calcium and magnesium oxide (hydrated lime), and 200 g. of wood ash to the pit.
What if the soil is too alkaline? Pour the same mixture without the last two ingredients.
The distance between the bushes – not less than one and a half meters. To create a hedge – place 2 bushes at a distance of half a meter. The depth of the pits – up to 50 cm. For a better outflow of water, put sand to the bottom.
Dip the shoot in the pit, sprinkle with peat substrate. Next, the above-ground part is cut, leaving only a few buds.
Care for barberry
Even a beginner gardener can cope with shrub. The barberry variety does not affect the care: both edible and decorative varieties are not picky. Key recommendations: weekly watering, loosening the land, pruning and fertilizer. Watering is required only in drought with warm water at the root, without touching the foliage. In temperate climates constantly watering the barberry is not necessary. Regular watering is necessary until young bushes take root. Rather, regular rain can hurt the barberry more than drought. Remove excess grass around the bush and soft the ground weekly. If your region has a frosty winter – a young barberry (shrub that has not reached five years of age) at the end of autumn is covered in the same way as garden roses.
Fertilizer for barberry
One year old plant needs another batch of fertilizers. Dilute the carbamide in the proportion of 10 grams per 5 liters of water. If an edible variety grows – at the end of the season fertilize a bush with potash – phosphate fertilizer (for each bush 10 grams of potassium and 15 grams of phosphate fertilizer).
Further, mineral fertilizers are used every 3-4 years in spring.
Pruning of barberry
The first sanitary pruning is carried out one year after planting. Weak shoots are removed, strong shoots are cut in half. The best time for pruning is in June or August. Dwarf varieties do not prune. Pruning have a sanitary and formative function.
There are three popular ways to propagate barberries:
Generative method – seeds. Held in the season of ripening berries (autumn). Peeled seeds dipped briefly in a solution of manganese. Then, already dry seeds will land in the ground to a depth of 1 cm at a distance of at least 5 cm. After a couple of years, transplant small shrubs into a permanent habitat.
Stratification of seeds needed in case of landing barberry in the spring. Mix the seeds with sand, and keep them in the refrigerator (or other cool place) for about 3 months. The temperature should not exceed 5 ° C. After 3 years, the first berries will appear. Remember that the barberry is cross-pollinated, therefore there should be several bushes.
Vegetative method – cuttings. The most frequent type of reproduction. The cuttings are cut in late June. Remove the bottom leaves, and remove the top half. Dip the cuttings into the root-forming solution for a couple of hours. Planting cuttings carried out in greenhouse conditions. Small pits pour peat mixture with one part of the sand and one part of the humus. Moisten the soil, place the cuttings 2 cm deep. Cover the top with a small transparent dome (sold in garden stores, or build it yourself from a plastic bottle). The next 2 weeks shoots must be under the dome, from time to time lift the dome for ventilation. Propagation by cuttings also implies 2 years of cultivation in open ground before transplanting to a permanent place.
Vegetative method – the division of the shrub. This breeding method is suitable for dwarf barberry varieties. Choosing this method, the plant should reach at least three years of age, the ideal option – a five-year shrub. In the spring, dig up the plant and cut it into several identical pieces. All sections treat the crushed coal. Now you can plant the cuts back into the ground. Attention! If the shoots of barberry branch above ground level, such a shrub in this way is not propagated.