The first mention about the healing properties of chamomile dates back to the 18th century. Dr. Albrecht von Haller described the benefits of chamomile on patients with gynecological diseases in his work. The scientific name of the plant is “matrix”, which means “womb” in Latin. Perhaps that is why in the medical records of Haller found the name “uterine grass”.
Later, with the development of the medical field, the properties of chamomile expanded. For example, in France, doctors prescribed tea with chamomile to overworked patients (also, they drank with a hangover, indigestion, a cold). Chamazulene, a component of the essential oil found in the plant, was used by Czech scientists in a study of the treatment of the effects of radiation.Chamazulene was also found in the composition of yarrow.
Botanical characteristics of chamomile
(matricaria l), family — asteraceae
Chamomile (pharmacy) in the wild grows from 0,6 to 1,3 ft in height. Leaves are pinnate, consisting of many thin lobes. The inflorescence is a hemispherical basket with a diameter of 0,7 in. On the disk are yellow tubular flowers, on the edges – white petals. Fruit – three or four-rib achene with a small tuft. In warm climates, chamomile begins to bloom in May. The first fruits are formed in July.
An annual wild plant deviating from the standard appearance parameters is not used for medicinal purposes. Possible deviations could be caused by inappropriate conditions for growth, or plant disease, which in turn affects the chemical composition and effectiveness of the remedy.
Spreading: Eurasia, America, South Africa.
|Chamomile in Central Africa has been completely destroyed because of local superstitions of the indigenous population.|
Chemical composition of chamomile
Chamomile gained nationwide popularity due to its broad spectrum of action (anti-inflammatory, disinfectant, painkiller). But, to use the plant entirely impractical: the greatest concentration of nutrients contained in the flowers. Chemical composition:
- Essential oil (0.3%). The oil contains chamazulene, prohamazulen, flavanoids, coumarins, polysaccharides;
- Mineral salts (12%);
- Carotene, sitosterol, choline;
- Salicylic, isovalerianic, caprylic, anti-organic organic acid;
- Vitamin C, PP;
Benefits of chamomile
Scientific studies conducted to study the effect of the chemical composition of chamomile on the human body, confirmed the high efficiency of manufacturing medicines, and other forms of release. According to the results, the benefits that the plant has on the human body:
- Chamomile essential oil: antihistamine, anti-inflammatory and bactericidal action.
- Medicines act as smooth muscle antispasmodics, which reduce the tone of blood vessels, and have a sedative effect.
- Choleretic action;
- Digestive stimulating action;
- Diaphoretic action;
- Analgesic effect;
- Anticonvulsant action;
- Vasodilator action;
- Anti-anxiety action;
- Weakly binding and hemostatic effect.
The list of diseases for which the course of chamomile use is prescribed
Various medications are used, depending on the type and stage of disease. The standard course of treatment is up to 3 months, and does not cause addiction of patients to the active components:
- Bacterial and inflammatory lesions of the skin;
- Diseases of the upper respiratory tract (accompanied by cough, swelling and spasms);
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (accompanied by erosive lesions of the mucous membrane);
- Diseases of the genitourinary system;
- Toothache, migraine, insomnia, anxiety;
Herbal tea with chamomile. Benefits
- 5 teaspoons of dried chamomile flowers;
- 3 teaspoons cumin;
- 0.5 teaspoons of valerian root;
- 500 ml of boiling water;
Drink tea in the evening for an hour before bedtime in case of:
- Increased anxiety and stress. Chamomile perfectly soothes the nerves.
- Insomnia. Herbal tea helps to relax and tune in to sleep.
- Liver disease. Chamomile gently removes toxins, facilitating the work of the body.
- Gastric colic and gastritis. Chamomile tea soothes the digestive tract, with long-term use even chronic gastritis treats.
- Cold. Tea copes with the symptoms of cold, an excellent prophylactic agent of viral diseases.
- Pain during menstruation. The antispasmodic effect of tea helps to cope with unpleasant sensations.
Chamomile baths. Benefits
The addition of chamomile to baths is used in therapeutic and preventive measures to affect the skin and the body as a whole with:
– inflammation, allergies, dryness, cracks of the skin;
– sleep disturbance, irritability and anxiety;
– swelling of limbs;
|Chamomile essential oil is used in aromatherapy to calm under strong stress and migraine; additionally for air disinfection.|
Possible side effects of chamomile
In rare cases of intolerance to chamomile components are:
- Nausea, vomiting;
- High blood pressure;
- Allergic reaction.
ATTENTION! Self-medication can be dangerous to your health. Before using traditional medicine should consult with your doctor.
Form of production of remedies based on chamomile
– Herbal preparations;
– Liquid extract (alcoholic / non-alcoholic);
– Essential oil (as the main component, and in composition with other essential oils);
– Cream and ointment.
Making cosmetics for skin and hair at home
Chamomile, due to its chemical composition, is actively used by cosmetic companies in face and hand skin care products, body lotions, shampoos and hair masks. And it is not surprising, because chamomile is a rich source of vitamins and useful microelements. Cosmetics with chamomile extract helps to smooth wrinkles, tone and remove inflammation, shine and volume of hair, stop hair loss. Preparing homemade cosmetics is not difficult, and the benefits are commensurate with expensive cosmetics of famous brands:
- Face mask: mix green clay with brewed chamomile flowers in a 1: 1 ratio (after having cooled the infusion). It should turn out the consistency of thick cream. Gently brush the mask on your face without affecting the area around your eyes, eyebrows and mouth. After 10 minutes, rinse with cool water. After the procedure, apply a moisturizer. The mask is suitable for oily and mixed skin types. It improves microcirculation of small vessels, helps to cope with acne inflammation and black spots.
- Warm compress: relieves irritation and redness of the skin. For a compress, brew a tablespoon of chamomile flowers in 200 ml of hot water. Dip the gauze cloth, slightly squeeze, put on face for 2-4 minutes. Brewed teabags, superimposed on the area under the eyes, will help get rid of dark circles.
- Ice cubes with chamomile can be used for morning washing. Such a procedure on a regular basis, relieve inflammation, remove acne, improve the work of the sebaceous glands, smooth out fine wrinkles.
- Hair conditioner: Rinse the hair with chamomile extract after regular cleansing the scalp with shampoo. Chamomile conditioner regulates sebum secretion of sebaceous glands, adds shine to the hair, strengthens the roots. For the manifestation of the therapeutic effect is enough 2 sessions per month. Caution! If you get carried away by this procedure, the hair can lighten up by 2-3 tones.