In the autumn, in the arsenal of the gardener, chrysanthemums take an honorable first place. Starting to bloom from mid-summer, chrysanthemums delight us with their palette of colors and abundant flowering until late autumn. Some varieties continue to bloom even after solitary frosts. “Autumn Queen” needs constant attention, and, of course, your efforts will pay off with interest.
Chrysanthemum is an annual / perennial shrub, various varieties can reach a height of up to 5 ft. The flowers are small, medium and large (up to 4 inch in diameter). Miniature leaflets resemble oak leaves in shape. The chrysanthemum is frost-resistant, and taking care of it will not be difficult.
Decorative chrysanthemums are grown as decoration for garden plots and flower beds, as well as for cutting into bouquets. The plant also feels great in a pot: chrysanthemums can decorate a windowsill, balcony or terrace. Large-flowered varieties do not tolerate frost well, so most often they decorate bouquets.
Chrysanthemum is a photophilous plant, for abundant flowering it needs a lot of sunlight. In the shade or partial shade, a young plant grows frail and does not bloom.
It is preferable that the soil be rich in organic matter, therefore, before planting, the soil should be fertilized with peat or compost. Also, it is worth noting – do not overdo it with organic matter, otherwise the leaves will actively grow, and the flowers will develop small.
Planting is carried out from May to June. By early fall, young bushes will take root and grow stronger, and most importantly, will be able to winter. The distance between future bushes is 10-20 inch (depending on the variety you choose). Sand or drainage is poured into the hole for better outflow of water and to prevent the formation of root rot. Chrysanthemum does not need to be deepened much – as it grows, the roots will occupy the desired position.
For high varieties, a support is immediately installed. To better adapt the chrysanthemum, you can pour a “root” solution around the bush.
Already a flowering young plant perfectly tolerates planting in open ground.
Chrysanthemum Care Rules
The very first, and most important condition for caring for chrysanthemum is sufficient watering: for example, chrysanthemum with small leaves is watered less often than chrysanthemum, which has large soft leaves (it evaporates more moisture). If the leaves became limp and began to wrap up, and the flowers began to dry abruptly, the chrysanthemum lacks moisture, and it urgently needs to be watered. In the summer, as a rule, chrysanthemum should be watered after 1-2 days. Water volumes also depend on the size of the shrub.
Chrysanthemum loves top dressing. During flowering, spray the plant with a solution of boric acid once a week (a pinch on 17 oz of water). Every 2 weeks, feed the bush with a complex of mineral fertilizers for flowering plants until the end of flowering, or until the first frost.
To create a contour lush bush, chrysanthemums pinch and prune.
Trimming is carried out:
- The first time the plant reaches 4 inch in height, the tip is cut off;
- The second time, when the side shoots reach 4 inch in length, the tops are cut off;
Further, the plant is not touched until flowering. Faded buds need to be cut regularly – this procedure will extend the flowering of chrysanthemum.
So that the chrysanthemum wintered successfully and bloomed next year, we are preparing a shelter for it. First, the stems are completely cut off at the base above the ground, then the plant is covered with fallen leaves. Occasionally, you need to water it, without waiting for the soil to dry out. Even frost-resistant varieties should be sheltered for the winter. Large-flowered variety is transplanted into a pot. The flower is placed in a cool room (32-41 ° F), provide him peace (drafts are not permissible), occasionally water.