If you are a fan of exotic plants and you are not afraid of the difficulties in caring for them, then this type of orchid should appear in your home.
Dendrobium orchid is a perennial epiphytic plant. Translated from the Greek language is translated as “living on a tree“, but there are also lithophytic species growing on a stones. Plant height can vary from 3 cm to 6 m. Almost all types of orchids have a standard structure: stem, leaves, flowers, aerial roots, bulb (pseudobulbs). Often, it is pseudobulbs that can tell a lot about the flower itself. They have a smooth surface. Pseudobulbs of this type of orchid are upright or stele. The leaves of the plants are oval-shaped and grow at the base of the shoot. Over time, the leaves are shifted to the top of the stem. During a severe drought, the plant can fold foliage.
Dendrobium is remembered for its exotic look and large, fragrant flowers.
In the wild, the plant is found in tropical Asia, Australia, New Guinea, in the Philippines. The genus includes about 1000 species.
Dendrobium orchid requires systematic care and constant attention.
Dendrobium Orchid Care at Home
Of course, growing a lush, blooming orchid is not easy. It is important to consider some features:
1. You need to understand that growing orchids is a rather complicated process.
2. For each particular type of orchid there are agrotechnical rules that must be followed, otherwise the plant will die.
3. Any kind of orchid needs a bright but diffused light. Direct rays of the sun are contraindicated.
4. Orchid should not be exposed to drafts.
Temperature conditions – an important condition in the care of orchids. In summertime – 20-26 ° С, in the autumn-winter period the temperature should not fall below 18-20 ° С.
Watering is done early in the morning. The procedure is to immerse the pot in the water for a few minutes. Water should not fall on the leaves, so you will avoid the formation of fungus. For irrigation, soft, infused water is used (filtered is also suitable). Soil between watering should dry well. Leaves do not irrigate, and wipe with a damp sponge.
Fertilizers are added during the active growth phase. In the flower shop you will find a special fertilizer for orchids. The composition is diluted with water by half, use only after a regular session of watering.
After the first and second summer growth comes a period of peace. It can be recognized by the silver tips on the roots. Abundant watering is no longer needed, once a fortnight after a watering can.
Orchid quite hard tolerate transplant. Therefore, it should be carried out only if the soil is saline or the plant has grown strongly. Transplantation is usually carried out once every couple of years. To get a flower from the pot, soak it in water for a few minutes.
Then gently take it at the base of the shoot, gently pull. After soaking the orchid is easier to pull out of the pot. Clean, sterile scissors to cut off rotten, soft and dead roots. A new pot can be a little larger than the previous one – orchids do not need a lot of space.
The soil should consist of:
2) crushed pine bark;
3) crushed charcoal;
4) sphagnum moss.
|Be sure to sterilize the new substrate. Watering resumes after the emergence of new roots.|
Orchid dendrobium reproduction
Breeding is usually carried out in three ways:
– the division of the bush.
For propagation by cuttings, it is necessary to separate the pseudobulb from the mother plant and cut it into cuttings, approximately 10 cm each. Then it is necessary to process each section with a garden pitch. Pour moistened sphagnum moss into special bags with a lock and put one or two cuttings on it. Such a package should be stored with ambient light, constant moss moistening, and air temperature + 22 …. + 25 ° С. Daily airing is also necessary. Finally, the root system will develop within two months. After which they can already be planted in a permanent place.
“Baby” must be cut with a knife at the top of the pseudobulb. Then dry the process in the open air for several days. As a full-fledged plant, it is planted when young roots with a length of 5 cm and more appear.
Since it is possible to divide a bush only in the process of transplanting, these two procedures need to be combined. To do this, carefully remove the plant from the pot, remove the roots from the ground and put the bush on a hard surface. Cut into several parts with a sterilized knife so that at least 2 pseudobulbs remain on each part. On each part of the orchid should remain part of the root system. Before planting, all division sites must be treated with a special garden pitch.
Although growing an orchid is not easy, it is always pleasant to see the result of your efforts, inhale a pleasant aroma and observe the most beautiful palette of inflorescences: starting from white and lilac, and ending with pink and purple. Even a beginner florist on the shoulder to cope with this exquisite plant.