Decorative tree, which will be a great decoration for your garden.
Botanical features of the locust tree
(robinia pseudoacacia), family – fabaceae
Locust tree came to us from North America – first to Europe, and later spread to Asia. At the end of the 17th century, court gardener Vespasian Robin presented a plant to the royal garden of Louis XVIII.
Locust tree is a fast-growing tree (especially in the first year of life) up to 20 meters high. The leaves are light green up to 10 cm long. Flowers of milky-white, up to 16 flowers on one stalk. Locust tree blooms in May and June. Seed pods dark brown appear by September. Locust tree is a photophilous and drought-resistant tree, but it does not tolerate a wet soil. It can also withstand low temperatures – up to -22 °F.
Collection, storage and benefit of the locust tree
Locust tree is a honey tree. Honey has a light aroma, seemingly transparent, remains in a liquid state for a long time. One tree can bring up to 15 kg of fresh honey. In order to use locust tree for medicinal purposes, it is necessary to properly prepare it. Flowers are collected in the middle of flowering (not closed, and not fully bloomed). Leaves and bark are suitable for harvesting at any time. Dried in well ventilated areas or in an oven with a temperature not higher than 122 °F. You can store in a fabric bag or glass jar, in a dry, cool place.
Locust tree can solve many health problems. Outwardly as compresses, inward – infusions and decoctions.
- Glycosides – robinin, akatsiin, apigenin, roblenig;
- Essential oil;
- Salicylic acid and tannins.
Indications for use:
Inside – Renal failure. Thrombophlebitis. Cold. Neuralgia.
Outwardly – Radiculitis. Osteochondrosis. Rheumatism. Wounds.
Contraindications: Individual intolerance to the components, pregnancy. As part of locust tree contains alkaloid – robinin, so you should use locust tree strictly as prescribed by the doctor and observing the correct dosage.
Applying of locust tree in cosmetology
Robinia essential oil is added to cosmetics to give a pleasant floral scent. In the cream of locust honey added due to its rejuvenating effect.
Germination and care of locust tree
Most often, a locust tree is used for landscaping city streets and park areas in arid climates. With the help of group landings create windbreaks. Powerful roots serve as a reinforcement for slopes.
An effective way to quickly germinate locust tree from seeds: before planting, dip locust seeds in boiling water for 4-6 seconds. This is necessary for the shell to crack. Then leave in cold water until swelling. Now the seeds are ready for germination.
Locust tree tolerates haircuts perfectly – after rejuvenating pruning, decorativeness is quickly restored, damaged and dead branches are better to trim in summer. Unfortunately, with age, locust tree becomes very brittle, and the branches can break off under the pressure of strong winds, so it is not recommended to plant a tree near the terrace of houses.
Health recipes with locust tree
Tea № 1: Diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Laxative. Flu.
- 1 tsp flowers \ 0.25 liter of boiling water.
Insist half an hour, strain. To accept inside 1 tablespoon 2 times a day after reception of food.
Tea № 2: Sour belching.
- 2 tsp. flowers \ 0.5 glass of vodka.
Insist half a month. Strain. Take 10 drops twice a day. Can be mixed with water.
Interesting facts about locust tree
- From locust leaves are made blue paint.
- Young shoots and leaves are suitable as food for animals.