Decorative tree, which will be a great decoration for your garden.
Botanical features of the locust tree
(robinia pseudoacacia), family – fabaceae
The Locust tree came to us from North America – first to Europe, and later spread to Asia. At the end of the 17th century, court gardener Vespasian Robin presented a plant to the royal garden of Louis XVIII.
The Locust tree is a fast-growing tree (especially in the first year of life) up to 20 meters high. The leaves are light green measuring up to 10 cm long. Flowers a milky-white, up to 16 flowers on one stalk. Locust trees bloom in May and June. Seed pods are a dark brown and appear by September. The Locust tree is a photophilous and drought-resistant tree, but it does not tolerate a wet soil. It can also withstand low temperatures – up to -22 °F.
Collection, storage and benefits of the locust tree
Locust trees are a honey tree. Honey has a light aroma, seemingly transparent, and remains in a liquid state for a long time. One tree can produce up to 15 kg of fresh honey. In order to use the locust tree for medicinal purposes, it is necessary to properly prepare it. Flowers are collected in the middle of flowering (not closed, and not fully bloomed). Leaves and bark are suitable for harvesting at any time. Dry in well ventilated areas or in an oven with a temperature no higher than 122 °F. You can store them in a fabric bag or glass jar (in a dry, cool place).
Locust trees can solve many health problems. Outwardly as compresses, internally – infusions and decoctions.
- Glycosides – robinin, akatsiin, apigenin, roblenig;
- Essential oil;
- Salicylic acid and tannins.
Indications for use:
Inside – Renal failure. Thrombophlebitis. Cold. Neuralgia.
Outwardly – Radiculitis. Osteochondrosis. Rheumatism. Wounds.
Contraindications: Individual intolerance to the components, pregnancy. As part of the locust tree contains alkaloid (robinin) you should use the locust tree strictly as prescribed by the doctor and observing the correct dosage.
Applying the locust tree in cosmetology
Robinia essential oil is added to cosmetics to give a pleasant floral scent. In cosmetic cream, locust honey is added due to its rejuvenating effect.
Germination and care of the locust tree
Most often, a locust tree is used for landscaping city streets and park areas in arid climates. With the help of group landings, it can create windbreaks. Powerful roots serve as a reinforcement for slopes.
An effective way to quickly germinate the locust tree from seeds: before planting, dip locust seeds in boiling water for 4-6 seconds. This is necessary for the shell to crack. Then leave them in cold water until they swell. Now the seeds are ready for germination.
Locust trees tolerate haircuts perfectly – after rejuvenating pruning, decorativeness is quickly restored, damaged and dead branches are better to trim in summer. Unfortunately, with age, the locust tree becomes very brittle, and the branches can break off under the pressure of strong winds, so it is not recommended to plant a tree near the terrace of houses.
Health recipes with locust tree
Tea № 1: Diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Laxative. Flu.
- 1 tsp flowers \ 0.25 liter of boiling water.
Steep for half an hour, then strain. To digest properly: Take 1 tablespoon 2 times a day after reception of food.
Tea № 2: Sour belching.
- 2 tsp. flowers \ 0.5 glass of vodka.
Allow to set for half a month. Strain. Take 10 drops twice a day. Can be mixed with water.
Interesting facts about locust trees
- Some types of blue paint are made from locust leaves.
- Young shoots and leaves are suitable as food for animals.