Cacti deservedly won the love of many people. Even without understanding the diversity of flora, cacti are in apartments, offices and houses. This is not at all surprising. After all, a cactus is an unpretentious plant, well adapted to the hot climate and not requiring special care. And if you were lucky enough to observe its flowering, then, most likely, you could not tear your eyes from it. Although cacti bloom quite rarely, nevertheless, there is one member of the family that blooms every spring. Many cactus lovers are familiar with it – this is mammillaria.
The homeland of mammillaria is the land of the Americas. Also, the plant is found in the Caribbean. Currently, about 200 representatives of the genus are known. Many of them are very different from each other, but all have one thing in common – cacti of a cylindrical or spherical shape. It is this genus that has tubercles (or papillae) instead of ribs. They are necessary for plants to moisture evenly evaporated from the entire surface, and also, if necessary, repel direct sunlight. The main distinguishing feature from other cacti is the presence of thick roots.
Cacti are light-loving plants, sunlight is vital for them. But here there is a small catch – in hot periods of increased sun activity, mammillaria must be rearranged in the shade. In summer, the cactus feels great on open terraces and balconies.
If you are interested in the long flowering of mammillaria, take care of the temperature regime (in the summer – 71-77 °F; in the winter – at least 55 °F). It is air temperature that plays an important role in the long flowering and health of the cactus.
The plant feels great with minimal watering, like other types of cacti. If the summer is unbearable heat, this does not mean that you need to fill the plant – once a week is enough. With cooling, the amount of watering decreases significantly. In the autumn – 2-3 times a month, and in winter, 1 watering is enough. It is in winter that the cactus is at rest, therefore it is better not to disturb Mammillaria with watering, and not to rearrange it to another place.
|An important point: in hot weather, the cactus must be sprayed from the spray with a diffused stream.|
Composition of soil for mammillaria:
– peat soil – 25%;
– sheet soil – 25%;
– turf soil – 25%;
– coarse river sand – 12.5%;
– crushed brick – 12.5%.
The plant is actively growing and developing due to top dressing. From April to mid-October, fertilizing with mineral fertilizers is carried out once a month.
|Important: in winter, fertilizers are not needed, because the plant is resting.|
The cactus is transplanted every 2.5 to 3 years if the plant is old enough. The transplant pot may not be deep, but necessarily wide (due to the development of several side shoots). The drainage layer is the first layer in the pot, after – the soil mixture for mammillaria. The optimal time for transplantation is the beginning of March.
Cactus propagation is carried out in two ways:
2) Side shoots
Using the side shoots:
Side shoots are cut from an adult cactus. To dry these lateral shoots for several days and after this procedure to plant in a separate small pot. Sprinkle the shoots with a thin layer of sand on top, pour, and put in a permanent place.
Before planting, soak the seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate. After which the seeds are planted, cover the pot with membrane, put in a warm room. As soon as the seeds have sprouted, the membrane is removed. When the first soft spines appear, mammillaria is seated in separate pots.
|Germination with seeds is the most acceptable way to breed mammillaria.|
Why you should buy mammillaria
- The cactus is easy to care for;
- Does not require constant watering;
- Has several types of spines, and the stalk has an unusual shape;
- Flowers of various colors and sizes;
Looking at all the advantages of mammillaria, I want to free a shelf for a new pot, and, possibly, not one.
Variety of mammillaria species