A huge number of amazing plants grow on Earth. Most of which we see in the gardens, on the street, and in the forests. There are absolutely incredible representatives of the flora, which you will not meet in everyday life. These plants take on bizarre shapes, come in all kinds of colors and sizes, and sometimes it seems to have come to us from another planet. Millions of adorable flowers bloom each year, but these plants are arguably the most unusual on Earth. Present to your attention:
The most unusual and rare flowers on the planet
A giant flower can only be found in Sumatra, Kalimantan, and the Philippines. Rafflesia is the largest flower on the planet. Plant height reaches one meter, diameter – up to 3,2 foot, and weight ranges from 15-17 lb. Like other representatives of parasitic plants, Rafflesia arnoldii lacks a pronounced stem, leaves, and even roots. The giant eats exclusively at the expense of the host. Rafflesia is called “cadaveric lily” because of its specific aroma, similar to the smell of rotting raw meat. “Aroma” attracts forest flies, it is they who pollinate the plant, and elephants and ants carry seeds after the fruit has ripened. Today, Rafflesia Arnoldii is in danger of extinction.
Finding this representative of orchids is not an easy task. And even to meet her in the wild is very difficult, an orchid grows only on trees. The ghost orchid was first met in the US state of Florida, but tourists say that they were able to admire the ghost plant in Cuba and the Bahamas. The flower got its name because of the characteristics of its growth: the orchid begins to bloom unexpectedly, and flowering continues for a month. Each time there are fewer and fewer flowers until they disappear altogether. In order for the ghost orchid to bloom, the most favorable conditions are necessary, and until then, the plant can grow underground for years.
The parasite plant grows in South Africa. Gidnora does not have chlorophyll; therefore, it parasitizes on the roots of plants from the Euphorbia family. After sowing seeds, the plant develops underground for 5 years, and only after heavy rains does the flower appear on the surface of the ground. The hydnora africana has a bright orange color, and the unpleasant smell exuding a flower attracts dung beetles and scavengers for further pollination. Gidnora petals are a kind of trap for pollinating insects. After a few days, the flower opens and releases the beetles. I would also like to say about the aroma: dimethyl disulfide and dimethyl trisulfide were found in the composition of the plant, the same substances are released in horses after death.
Strongylodon macrobotrys or “Jade Vine“
Unusually beautiful plant, which was considered an extinct species until recently. Liana plant grows in the rainforests of the Philippine Islands. Flowers are collected in large brushes, up to 3 foot. Color – sky-turquoise. An interesting feature: the “jade vine” is pollinated by bats, which liked Strongylodon’s sweet nectar.
A large tropical flower is almost never found in the wild. Amorphophallus has a thick stem up to 6,5 foot high. A single sheet, up to 9,8 foot long, on the inside of the burgundy color, and on the outside of green, envelops the yellow core. Under the ground is a huge tuber weighing up to 110 lb. The flowering of the giant lasts only a couple of days, while the flower itself can develop over several years. Witnesses of flowering Amorphophallus note a sharp aroma of the plant, similar to the smell of rotten meat and fish. Initially, Amorphophallus grew on Sumatra, but people who colonized the island almost completely destroyed the genus. You can admire the plant only in botanical gardens around the world.
Not such a rare plant, but rather unusual. Due to its appearance, Haworthia can be compared with alien plants from science fiction films. The main feature of succulents is the ability to accumulate large amounts of water in their fleshy leaves. Thus, the plant calmly survives periods of increased heat and drought. Indoor succulent plant can be purchased at the flower shop.
An amazing wonder flower that adores moist soil. Symplocarpus is found in marshy places in the USA, Canada and East Asia. Thanks to large leaves and deep root system, flower able to move up or down relative to ground level. In general, the plant is odorless, but when the leaves are crushed, an unpleasant aroma begins to stand out. This feature of Simplocarpus served as an inspiration for the creation of a national name – “skunk cabbage”.
Lotus maculatus or “Parrot’s Beak“
This flower has a very sad story. Since 1885, to meet the “Parrot Beak” is practically impossible. Pollination is an integral part of the life cycle of lotus maculatus, but, unfortunately, this process is very problematic – the population of birds engaged in pollination has died out. Scientists conducted experiments with attempts to attract similar birds for pollination, which ended in failure. Now the flower is pollinated artificially. The birthplace of the plant is the Canary Islands.
The largest predatory plant in the world. The jug of the plant is able to catch large insects, small rodents and lizards in its trap. The jug is a deep container with a “lid”, so victims cannot get out, and during rain the water does not get inside. Nepenthes rajah a climbing vine, usually grows along the ground, but if an object is found along the way that can support a jug, the nepenthes will continue to creep. Shoots can reach a length of 9-16 foot. It is often believed that a jug is a flower; in fact, it is mutated leaves. Nepenthes rajah – an endangered species, which grows only in Kalimantan. The plant is forbidden to sell the international convention CITES.
The largest water lily in the world. The diameter of the leaves of an aquatic plant reaches 6,5 foot. Due to their volume, water lilies can withstand weight up to 155 lb above water. Victoria Amazonica blossoms unusually beautiful flowers, so in many botanical gardens and greenhouses is a beautiful decorative ornament. Victoria is the national flower of Guyana and is depicted on the state emblem.
Welwitschia is on the list of relic plants that survive to this day. The area of growth of the dwarf tree is limited to 100 km from the shores of the Atlantic Ocean, along the coast of Africa. Precipitation in the wilderness is a rare phenomenon, so the only source of moisture for the Welwitschia – fog from the coast. It is worth noting that the amazing dwarf tree is the only representative of its kind. Bushmen tribes called Welwitschia “great master.” The largest representative of the species reaches 5foot in height, 13 foot in width, and has been growing for 1,500 years. Welwitschia is protected by Namibian law, which prohibits the collection of seeds without the appropriate permission of a special state commission.