The unusual shape of the beautiful flowers of nematanthus prompted people to call this plant a “goldfish“, because thanks to them, it creates the impression of a home aquarium in which small fish swim. Their shape is tubular, with a pocket-shaped corolla, and their length is from 2 to 5 cm. They have a color from yellow to red.
The homeland of Nematanthus is South America, and it belongs to the Gesneriaceae family. This plant is an epiphytic or semi-epiphytic vine. The leaves of the nematanthus are usually small and dark green, dark purple below. The shape of the leaves is oval. The stems of the nematanthus are erect, but after a while they begin to lean slightly. Nematanthus blooms in early spring, and blooms until autumn.
Room conditions for nematanthus
Lighting. Nematanthus needs bright diffused light, while daylight hours should last 12-14 hours. Place the flower on the western or eastern side of the apartment. The southern window sill is also suitable if you can create diffused light. Therefore, it is worthwhile to think in advance how to shade the plant. Bright lighting is needed all year round.
Temperature mode. Suitable temperature in summer is 66-77 °F. At rest (in winter) – 57-60 °F. It is also important to remember that the plant reacts quite tolerably to a short decrease in temperature. But if the temperature in the room is below 57 °F for a long time, this can adversely affect the appearance of the nematanthus (the foliage turns brown and falls off). Elevated temperature (82 °F and above) slows down flower development.
Watering. Nemantanthus loves moisture. In spring and summer, plentiful watering, in winter, reduce watering, especially if the room is cool. In the irrigation procedure, balance is important – do not flood the plant, but do not thirst – as soon as the earthen lump will dry out in 3-4 cm deep, carry out the next irrigation procedure. Water is used infused, room temperature. It is also useful to dip the pot in water for 15-20 minutes to nourish the roots (in this case, watering the flower from above is not necessary).
Air humidity. Humidity is an important condition for the good growth of nematanthus. In spring and summer, spray with soft, warm water (the higher the temperature in the room, the more often you need spraying). In winter, spraying is not necessary. If you still need to moisten the air around the flower, put wet expanded clay in a container next to the pot.
Fertilizers. The plant needs to be fed only during the period of active growth (spring / summer, every 2 weeks). For this, as a rule, a standard complex of mineral fertilizers is used. In winter, fertilizers are not needed.
Flowering and pruning. Usually, nematanthus blooms in spring and summer, but, subject to all conditions, can bloom in winter (if the required level of heat in the room). An important feature of nematanthus: flowers appear only on young shoots, so pruning is carried out every year after the flowering period.
|Old, powerful branches can be cut and rooted in new pots. Thus, you will rejuvenate your flower, and get some new young plants.|
Transplant. It is carried out in the spring, provided that the bush has grown sufficiently. When choosing a new pot, give preference not much larger than the previous one – +2 cm in volume is quite enough. At the bottom we lay high-quality drainage (expanded clay or large pebbles) so that excess fluid does not linger.
– sheet land (2),
– peat (1),
– sand (1),
– humus (1),
– You can put pieces of charcoal or moss-sphagnum.
Methods of reproduction of nematanthus
Propagation by seed. For this method, collect the seeds after flowering and lay them out on paper. Place the seeds in a small container with moistened soil. Cover the container with foil and place on a pallet. Using a pallet, you can water the seeds. As soon as the first shoots appear, the shelter must be removed. A month later, plant in separate pots. A year later, you can observe the flowering of a new nematanthus.
Propagation by cuttings. For this method, cuttings are cut, the length of which is about 10 cm. For slices, select mature shoots at the base of the plant. After this procedure, the parent nematanthus is best shaded from the sun for a while. Cuttings are planted so that their nodules are well embedded in the soil, because because of this, the roots will be airy and easily growing. They put a new plant in a bright, slightly shaded place.
Diseases and Pests of nematanthus
As a rule, any plant gets sick if it is not properly taken care of:
- If you notice brown spots on the foliage – most likely, the nematanthus is watered with very cold water.
- If the foliage began to fall, then the room is cold.
- If the upper leaves turn yellow and dry, there is insufficient moisture in the room.
- Also pests for the flower are aphids or ticks. To get rid of them, it is enough to treat the plant with special preparations.