Elegant aristocrat Rose – the queen of garden flowers. None of the decade, this plant is considered the standard of beauty and good taste; flowers are presented to beloved ladies as a symbolic gesture, talking about falling in love. A rose can transform any garden, become a real inspiration and decoration for a gardener, and at the same time, the myth of “how difficult it is to care for roses” is slightly exaggerated. In this article, we offer to get acquainted with the most popular types of roses, which are already loved by millions of flower growers around the world.
It is also called cabbage rose or Rose de Mai. A hybrid plant variety developed by the Dutch plant breeder presumably at the end of the 17th century (the exact date is not known). Shrub with a height of about 1.5 – 2 m, has long drooping canes, and grayish-green cirrus leaves with 5-7 leaves. Large spherical inflorescences have many overlapping petals, usually pink in color, there are also dark red and purple shades. The aroma is sweet and fragrant, with honey notes. Provence rose is used to produce rose essential oil, which is widely used in the perfume industry.
Perennial ornamental shrub, reaches a height of 1.5 m. Branched thick stems with various types of spikes: from strong reddish and hook-shaped to shield-like spines scattered around peduncles. Inflorescences are large (6-7 cm in diameter), color – from pale pink to deep saturated pink. Blooms once: in June-July. Damask rose petals are used in making jam, and added to tea.
Rose ‘Double Delight’
Hybrid tea rose bred in the USA (introduced of the company in 1977). Large fragrant flowers of white-red color, with a diameter of up to 10 cm and up to 30 petals on one inflorescence. This variety is suitable for growing in open sunny areas, as Rose ‘Double Delight’ needs ultraviolet radiation to color the petals in red. While in the greenhouse, the inflorescences will remain white. The shrub grows to 1.5 m, and is susceptible to mold and black spots.
Evergreen shrub, up to 1.5 m high, with long climbing stems. Inflorescences are simple, terry or semi-double, single or 2-3, diameter 3-10 cm. Flowers are fragrant, white color with shades of yellow, orange and pink. In the wild, it is on the verge of extinction. The fragrant rose, brought to Europe, disappeared from circulation in the 19th century, so there may be discrepancies in the description of the variety sold under this name.
Rose ‘Graham Thomas’
Ornamental garden plant named after Graham Stuart Thomas. The bush is erect, branched, reaches a height of up to 2 m. Dark green glossy leaves are 18-19 cm long. The flowers are yellow, double, cup-shaped, with a diameter of up to 9 cm. Inflorescences include 2-8 flowers, and the flowering period lasts about 10 days. Flowering is continuous. Pleasant aroma of tea roses. Frost resistance: to -23 ° C. This variety of roses is resistant to disease.
Rose ‘Mister Lincoln’
Rose “Mr. Lincoln” is a hybrid variety of tea rose. Powerful tall shrub up to 2 m high. The flowers are very large (diameter 15 cm). The aroma is strong, similar to a damask rose. Dark red flowers are located separately on long stems, and do not fade in hot climates. Young leaves are dark red; as they grow, they become dark green. The variety is resistant to heat, but is prone to black spots.
Rose ‘Madame A. Meilland’
A branched shrub up to 2 m high. Has shiny dark green leaves. The cup-shaped flowers are large enough, bright yellow with pink or red edges. It blooms profusely, the aroma is medium strong. The variety is prone to black spotting.
Perennial shrub, the founder of old garden roses. A branching plant up to 1 m high. Flowers are simple and single, can be double or semi-double. Mostly blooms in June and July. The essential oil of Gallic rosehip is used in traditional medicine as a laxative (Caution! Self-medication can be dangerous to your health).
Rose ‘Alba Semi-plena’
Rose ‘Alba Semi-plena’ is a tall bushes with curved stems and bluish-green leaves. It blooms only in the middle of summer. The variety is extremely frost-resistant and resistant to diseases, it is used to develop new varieties for the subarctic climate (for example, Canada and the countries of Scandinavia). Also, there are hybrid varieties with yellow and red shades.
The variety was created in Germany in 1958. Shrub shoots can reach a height of 3 m. The leaves are light green in spring, and dark green in summer. The flowers are white, semi-double, with a diameter of up to 7 cm; 2-5 pieces are collected in inflorescences. The aroma is moderately strong. Double flowering, reproduction through cuttings. Frost resistance: to – 28 ° C. In a dry climate, the variety is resistant to disease, and in a temperate and humid condition it undergoes black spots and powdery mildew.
Lady Banks’ rose
Evergreen shrub up to 6 m high. Has massive red-brown branches with stiff, curved spikes. Flowers 3 cm in diameter, 5 petals, white or yellow. Has a mild aroma, or completely odorless. The plant is often found in thickets among other shrubs, in valleys, and along roadsides.
Rose Bourbon Group
A separate class of varieties in the international classification of roses. Bourbon roses are tall erect shrubs up to 2 m high, with thick, sometimes slightly curved shoots. The flowers are large (diameter 10 cm), the color is varied: there are white, pink, red and purple colors. In the cold season, it freezes without shelter, and is also susceptible to fungal diseases.
This variety of roses grows up to 3 m. Flower-bearing branches are covered with a dense layer of bluish plaque with red or red-brown bark. Thorns on flower stalks are absent, in other places they are single, straight. The flowers are small – up to 3 cm in diameter, 3-5 in inflorescences, pink petals. Flowering in June and July. Frost resistant grade.
Rose ‘Gentle Hermione’
Rose “Gentle Hermione” – a variety of English roses, bred in the UK in 2005. Plant height – 1.2 m, has dark green matte leaves. The flowers are pale pink, with many petals, have high resistance to rain. Pleasant aroma with a touch of myrrh. High disease resistance, frost resistance up to -4 °F.
Hulthemia (Rosa persica)
Also found under the name “Persian Rose“. Low branchy thorny shrub up to 50 cm in height. The leaves are simple, leathery. Single flowers (diameter 3.5 cm), color – golden yellow with a purple base. It blooms in April and May. It grows in desert, gravel and clay soils. Earlier, hulthemia was considered as an independent genus, today it is used to breed new varieties of roses.