At first glance, Venus flytrap is the most ordinary flower, but it has one peculiarity – it is a predator.
For Venus flytrap, the natural habitat is swampy areas of the east coast of the United States of America. This predator belongs to the Droseráceae family. It has the scientific name “Dionaea“. Venus flytrap hunts insects due to the unique structure of its traps, so it receives all the necessary substances that cannot be obtained from the soil. The nuance is that in normal soil there are very few nutrients needed by the plant.
The appearance of the venus flytrap is quite inconspicuous. Usually, the height of the plant in the wild reaches about 20 cm, and at home no more than 10-12 cm. The plant has four to seven traps for hunting insects. The inflorescence is similar to ordinary bird-cherry tree. A white flower is placed on a long stem, away from traps. Due to this, insects that pollinate venus do not fall into its traps.
How the Venus Flytrap hunts
In the summer, the traps of a venus flytrap become quite large and are painted in a bright burgundy color. They exude a certain fragrant nectar, attracting small bugs and flies. Due to this, insects easily fall into the trap.
When the insect has already fallen into the trap, resisting by all means, it touches one of the three bristles. Only when the bug or the fly touches it a second time, does the trap slam slightly. When the insect touches the bristles for the third time, the trap closes completely, leaving the insect no chance. The compression phase lasts about half an hour. Digestive juice dissolves the insect within 10 days. The larger the insect, the more time it takes to digest. The remaining skeleton can serve as a good bait for other victims. In winter, traps die off.
How to care for Venus flytrap (Dionaea) at home
The exotic plant need special care:
- Place the pot in a well-lit place, but away from direct sunlight. It is better to slightly shade the dionaea. Observing this condition, predator traps will develop well and brightly stain.
- In no case should you touch the traps. Otherwise, there is a great risk that the trap will turn yellow and fall away.
- Whimsical plant does not get watered with plain water. For irrigation use rainwater, distilled or meltwater. Keep the soil moist, but do not flood so that the root system does not rot. Watering is necessary not from above, but through the pallet. Also, the dionaea needs to be sprayed periodically, because she needs moisture on an ongoing basis.
- The soil should consist of high peat and perlite. Before planting, the soil must be moistened. Change the soil every 2-3 years. Dionaea is not needed fertilizers (thanks to the same insects that it feeds on).
- Transplantation is carried out every year and a half before flowering (flowering – in April-May, transplantation in March). A suitable pot is deep, not too wide, put drainage to the bottom to drain excess water.
- Reproduction of dionaea is carried out:
1. By seeds
2. By dividing the bush
3. By cuttings
Seeds are obtained during the flowering of a flytrap. Necessarily used pure moistened peat. The containers should be covered with foil and placed in a well-lit place. Sprouts are expected in a month.
Division of the bush is carried out only for adult overgrown plants. During transplantation, carefully separate one part of the dionaea without damaging the roots.
In order to grow a venus flytrap with cuttings, cut the sprout without a trap at the base of the shoot. Cuttings must be placed in a tank with wet peat at an angle. The plant is placed in a greenhouse, in which you need to take care of lighting and a good level of moisture.
|Remember! The plant can not be fed with dead insects. Venus feeds only on live insects. But at the same time, there is no need to feed her often. 2-3 insects are enough for the entire summer period. Feed only two traps.|
If you properly care for the venus flytrap, pests will not appear. Overly dry warm air is attractive to spider mites and aphids. You can eliminate them by spraying the plant with a special medicine from parasites.
If you want to add exoticism to your home, then the Venus flytrap has been created for you. Dionaea is not only exotic, but also a very useful plant. Thanks to her, you will forget about buzzing insects, and comfort and coziness will reign in the house.