As often happens – we buy a beautiful flower, bring it home, care for it, and then, for no apparent reason, the plant becomes sick and eventually dies. We have compiled a list of common causes of problems for indoor plants, and what measures to take to reanimate the green pets.
Errors in care for plants
- Upper foliage yellowed, elasticity preserved.
Usually the cause of this phenomenon becomes watering with hard water. Plants in pots love water, which they insisted for several hours – because in this way it softens. Peat can help soften the water: 40 g of crushed peat in a bag can be put in 2 liters of water and left for 13-16 hours.
- The foliage has lost its luster and looks lifeless.
This means that the plant was attacked by a spider mite, or an excess of light.
- Foliage curled up and falls.
Temperature should be monotonous. The reason for this behavior is a draft, high temperature and dry air, and abundant waterlogging. In this case, watering the flower only if necessary, and remove away from the draft.
- Flaccid leaves.
This phenomenon is facilitated by several reasons. You can solve the problem by transplanting the plant, drying the soil, changing the drainage (if possible).
- The leaves suddenly began to fall.
This means that the plant is in shock. Temperature mode is not saved, bright lighting, draft, over-humidification and overcooling at the same time. Gradually change the conditions so that the plant gets used to them. It is also advisable to inspect the plant for the presence of insects – pests (who they are, and how to cope with them, read below).
- The specks on the foliage.
Irregular watering causes dry brown spots. Over-wetting the soil and the roots we get dark brown spots. White or yellow spots will appear if you water the plant with very cold water. Other causes are sunshines and insects – pests. Remember, plants like infused water at room temperature. Plants with velvet leaves are not sprayed.
- The plant does not grow well.
The first reason is that the plant is constantly flooded, poor lighting. Further, the plant needs to be transplanted, because the roots can have no space, that’s why they can not grow. This advice is not taken into account in the winter – it is a rest phase, active growth begins in spring.
- Leaves and stem are decayed.
Too plentiful watering and spraying of leaves for the night.
- Holes in the foliage.
Mechanical damage caused by an animal.
- Does not bloom.
Insufficient amount of light, dry air, excess fertilizer. But there are plants that love little pots, they bloom when they fill the pot completely.
- Incrustation greenish or white.
In the first case – this is bad drainage and too abundant watering, in the second case – hard water or excess fertilizer.
- Gray mold.
Soft-leaved plants are more susceptible to the appearance of gray mold. She adores poorly ventilated, cool, wet places. To get rid of mold, cut off infected areas, reduce watering and spraying, improve ventilation.
- Stem’s rot.
Black stalk rotting, soft to the touch. In this case, you should get rid of the plant. Attempts to save him are extremely small, but you can try. First of all, keep the plant away from the rest. Cut all infected areas, reduce watering, move to a well ventilated place. If the fungus reappears, unfortunately, the plant will die.
Plants poisoned by fertilizers
This part wants to highlight a separate item. We all want our plants to be fragrant with health, bloom and live for a long time.
Some flower growers manage to feed their plants with everything that comes handy – from coffee grounds and ending with cigarette ashes. Perhaps at first the plant really begins to grow better, to bloom, it becomes lush. But! Soon, an overdose occurs, and the leaves may even be covered with real burns. It is desirable to reanimate in the early stages, otherwise in the future, it will be extremely difficult to save him. First of all, remove the topsoil. Then check the holes in the bottom of the pot – if necessary, punch them again. Spill the plants with infused water so that it begins to flush out the toxins (pour out excess water from the pan, or carry out the procedure in the bathroom). Leave them to dry out and do not place in direct sunlight.
By the way, sometimes the cause of the death of plants are clogged holes for water flow.
Insects – pests of room plants
- Aphid. These insects of green (sometimes black, gray or orange) color cause a lot of trouble. They damage the buds, shoots and leaves. In the flowering phase, plants are especially vulnerable. The main symptom of the appearance of aphids is a weakness of the plant and sticky plaque. Spraying with an insecticide will help get rid of sucking parasites.
- Diaspididae. The insect looks like a small brown disc with a wax coat, so the spray does not help. But it can be removed with a cotton swab. If most of the leaves are covered with sticky bloom and yellowed – the plant is almost impossible to save.
- Weevil. An adult insect eats foliage, but more dangerous is a larvae. They are about 2 cm long and have a beige color. The larvae very quickly eat the roots of the plant. When the plant starts to wither, the roots will already be irreversibly damaged. At home, the use of insecticide is not recommended, and may have health effects.
First aid for room plants
The plant to much poured
If you have overdone the watering plant, the first thing to do is to dry the ground. Pull the pot out of the pan and place it in a well ventilated place so that the openings for water flow remain open. Allow the soil to dry well, and only then begin to water as usual. Watch the reaction of the plant – if the overall appearance has deteriorated, reduce the amount of water. If this does not help, it is better to resort to at least an emergency transplant.
The plant is not watered
The plant suffered from a long drought. In this case, ordinary watering is not suitable. Pour the infused water into the basin. Place a pot with a plant in there so that the water level does not exceed the edges. Leave the pot there until the earth is saturated with moisture and the air bubbles disappear.
! Sanitary pruning spend a week and a half after the start of watering in the usual mode. During this time, you will see if the plant forms new stems and leaves. If the answer is yes, the recovery has already begun. Otherwise, more drastic measures will be needed.